Anxiety Medication: What kind of medication is used to treat anxiety?
Currently many people suffer from anxiety symptoms but do not know how to treat it or remedy it. So in the next Activital post we are going to tell you about the different types of anxiety medication that exist and we are going to give you several tips that will help you put an end to it.
Anxiety and its symptoms
If you suffer from anxiety, you will know that it is a natural mechanism that allows us to put ourselves in advance of certain situations that we are experiencing. Anxiety can arise at specific times or become chronic and generate an anxiety disorder.
About 20% of the population has anxiety events and many of them do not know it. Therefore, before talking about anxiety medication, let’s start by telling you its symptoms so that you know better what it is.
If at any time you have felt any of the following symptoms of anxiety, it is very likely that you have suffered a specific episode. But if these occur constantly, keep reading because the most advisable thing is that you have to perform a treatment to remedy it.
The symptoms of anxiety are very similar to the symptoms of a heart attack. The most common are the following:
- Mental symptoms
- Fear of dying, problems with concentration and falling asleep, tiredness.
- Physical symptoms: Palpitations or high heart rate, rapid breathing, feeling of suffocation, tremors and sweats, chest pain, dizziness and nausea, fainting, headache.
Diagnosis of anxiety
It is not good to consume medication for anxiety without a specialist having made a previous diagnosis. And what does this diagnosis consist of? The psychologist can perform the following:
- Do a psychological examination: observe the physical symptoms presented by the person who has come to the consultation, see the medical and psychological history to know his background and to know if he suffers from any other illness that is related to anxiety or could have caused it (depression, substance abuse, excess caffeine..)
- Conduct an interview: It is the key instrument to diagnose anxiety disorder since the psychologist, through four phases, gathers all the necessary information to be able to make the diagnosis.
- Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5): It is another way that specialists use to diagnose anxiety. It consists of a manual that meets all the criteria established by the American Psychiatric Association.
Medication for anxiety
Now that we know the symptoms and the steps to take into account to make a diagnosis, we can talk about medication for anxiety. But it is important that you know that this type of medication has to be prescribed by a professional since self-medication can be dangerous.
There are different types of medication for anxiety attack that help relieve symptoms, some of them are as follows:
There are studies that show that a series of alterations occur in the neurotransmitters of the brain of people suffering from anxiety. This is the case of serotonin, which is considered the main neurotransmitter that influences anxiety disorders, although there are also others such as norepinephrine and dopamine.
This type of anxiety medication is usually the first choice since it is specific antidepressants against anxiety attacks, specifically they are called SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors) and they hardly have side effects in people who take it.
This type of anxiety medication is also known as tranquilizers or benzodiazepines. When anxiety attacks occur, this medication produces a relaxing and tranquilizing effect, the problem is that if abused they can be addictive. But thanks to its tranquilizing effect, the symptoms of anxiety decrease.
This medication for panic attacks belongs to azapirones, a type of anxiolytic that does not produce sedation and has no risks of abuse, dependence or withdrawal.
Beta-blockers are usually milder than another of the types of anxiety medication mentioned above. In addition, they have less impact on a cognitive level. The most commonly used beta-blockers for anxiety are propranolol, oxprenolol and nadolol.
It is a type of anti-anxiety medication that is not used so much in these cases but that have shown a very positive behavior in relation to the symptoms of anxiety, the best known is hydroxyzine.
What should be taken into account when taking medication for anxiety?
Medication for nervous stress or for anxiety should be prescribed by a specialist. Under no circumstances should a person self-medicate with this type of medication since its administration and the type of medicine depends on the symptoms they have.
If you perceive that an anxiety medication is not controlling the symptoms, you will have to consider increasing the dose or changing the medication instead. But under no circumstances should you change the dose yourself or stop taking it on your own without consulting with the person who has assigned the treatment.
Also, you have to take the medicines at the established times to maintain a routine and in this way not to forget about the daily intake. And of course know the amount and the conditions in which you have to take them.
On the other hand, you should know the side effects that may occur so that you know what to do in case you feel them.
Anti-anxiety medication: natural remedies
Apart from the medication for anxiety that we have just commented on, you should also know that there are natural remedies such as the following:
Include in your diet foods rich in magnesium, omega3, fibers and tryptophan.
Walking, pilates or yoga are exercises that are highly recommended as they help relaxation.
Consume products with soothing principles such as passion fruit tea or lemon balm tea.